Currently, the number of cancer patients are increasing and cancer deaths are also on the rise. Generally, cancer are more detectable in its advanced stages, as such successful treatment becomes more difficult. Medical treatment today has many side effects, while the maximum percentage of success is in the low, therefore it needs to be supported with alternative medicine or traditional medicine with herbal use of biological diversity of the archipelago.
Cancer is a disease caused by the growth of body tissue cells that are not normal. Treatment of cancer other than using chemical drugs, also can use phytotherapeutic agent, that is a standard herbal consist of active subtances derived from plant parts. Some studies suggest that white turmeric (Curcuma zedoaria) is one of the herbs that can be processed into herbal medicine. The chemical subtances on white turmeric contains a lot of benefits such as anticancer, antifungal, antiamebic, larvicides, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiplasmodial, hypo-allergenic, and analgesics. Based on these data, it can be concluded that white turmeric contains chemical subtances like curcuminoid, RIP (Ribosome Inacting Protein), isocurcumenol, demothxycurcumin, bisdemothxycurcumin, epicurzerenone, curdione, and ethyl p-methoxycinnamate which serves to disable the development of cancer cells and inhibits the growth of cancer cells.